Les Offshore Leaks (littéralement « fuites extraterritoriales », en référence à WikiLeaks) sont une série de fuites d'informations relatives aux paradis fiscaux et à leur utilisation à des fins de fraude fiscale et de blanchiment d'argent à travers le monde.
ContexteCes fuites relatives aux placements extraterritoriaux sont le résultat d'une investigation menée pendant plusieurs années par l'International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) un réseau indépendant de journalistes, basé à Washington et 36 titres de la presse internationale1,2, dont notamment la BBC, le Washington Post, le Guardian, le Süddeutsche Zeitung et Le Monde3, qui ont eu accès à une base de données de plus de 2,5 millions de documents concernant près de 120 000 sociétés offshore. Elles interviennent dans le double contexte de la crise financière de Chypre et de l'affaire Cahuzac en France.
Comment des banques françaises aident leurs clients à pratiquer l'évasion fiscale
Évasion fiscale : comment des banques... par lemondefr
Source : http://www.icij.org/offshore
Tax haven data leak reverberates around globe
38 media outlets probing one of biggest ever leaks of financial data
A massive leak of financial data to media outlets around the globe has spurred a series of investigations into offshore banking and tax havens. Documents detailing secret accounts were leaked to the Washington, D.C.-based International Consortium of Investigative Journalists.The non-profit group granted 38 media organizations access to the database. Corporate moguls, property tycoons, lawyers and politicians are under scrutiny in the international investigation. Select the red marker to open a window to read more about the investigations in each country.
Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze
Clariden, part of Credit Suisse, sought highly secretive structures for some clients.
Politicians, business leaders among prominent figures linked to tax haven activity.
Late guardian of French branch of banking dynasty had a web of at least 20 secrecy-cloaked trusts in the South Pacific.
Secret records obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists reveal tens of thousands of people in more than 170 countries and territories linked to offshore companies and trusts. Here are some examples from around the world.
Shares of an offshore company were held in trust for the daughters of Nigerian mega-church pastor, associate says.
ING and ABN Amro set up dozens of companies in island tax havens.
Owners of corporations registered in tax havens include some linked to regime of the late dictator, Suharto.
Thyssen, Sachs and Rothschild are among Switzerland’s largest law firm clients.
Moonis Elahi, a Punjab legislator, was shareholder of a British Virgin Islands firm set up with the help of Swiss bank UBS.
Ex-wife is suing Scot Young for share of $610m fortune that he claims he lost within three months.
Key members of the Malaysian government, their families, and well-heeled associates are among those owning secretive offshore companies in Singapore and the British Virgin Islands.
Worldwide network of ‘nominee directors’ helps hide real people, and organizations, behind offshore companies.
Internal records of offshore trusts and companies in the South Pacific and the Caribbean reveal sanctuaries for secrecy-seekers.
Secret documents show that, from the late 1990s until the end of the 2000s, French banks BNP Paribas and Crédit Agricole oversaw the creation of a large number of totally opaque offshore companies for clients in search of secrecy and lower tax rates.
The story of Portcullis TrustNet and its birthplace — the Cook Islands — is in many ways the story of the offshore system itself.
He's known as Brigitte Bardot’s husband, photographer, director, art collector. Now another aspect has come to light about Gunter Sachs: a man who set up an intricate offshore scheme to manage his vast fortune, a scheme that remained inscrutable to the fiscal authorities until the end.
Secret records from British Virgin Islands firm show a South African and two Americans reaped $2.5 million from aborted sale of surplus military choppers to Congolese leader.
Jean-Jacques Augier says that his actions were fully legal and attributes his participation in these schemes to his “adventurous nature”.
British Virgin Islands firm kept doing business with shady characters even as regulators prodded it to obey anti-money-laundering laws.
Offshore reporting collaboration prompts interest from two Philippine government agencies and attorney representing former Marcos regime political prisoners.
Largest German bank’s Singapore unit helped birth companies and trusts in tax havens.
Owners of corporations registered in British Virgin Islands include top managers of state-controlled giants.
Bribes for Venezuelan officials were funneled through tax havens, court filings claim.
Officials say they will check ICIJ’s data for any evidence of misconduct by owners of offshore companies.
Records show late dictator's oldest child, now a Philippine provincial governor, didn't disclose British Virgin Islands trust in asset declarations required for public officials.
Deputy speaker of Mongolia’s Parliament admits he had $1 million Swiss account.
The ICIJ’s exploration of the secretive world of offshore companies and trusts began after a computer hard drive packed with corporate data and personal information and e-mails arrived in the mail.
Lawyer Tony Merchant, Canada’s “class action king,” sought secrecy for Cook Islands trust.
Members of Azerbaijan’s first family have had been shareholders in at least four offshore companies, newly revealed records show.
Politicians and billionaire business magnates are among prominent Thais listed in secret documents as owners of offshore holdings in tax havens.
Famed Spanish art patron uses island haven in South Pacific to manage her collection.
Companies making use of offshore secrecy include firm that supplied surveillance software used by repressive regimes.
The millionaire head of a controversial cosmetic surgery chain, the biggest in the UK, owned a secret offshore company linked to the clinic, it can be revealed.
Former tennis star David Lloyd among UK citizens who used offshore companies to buy high-end properties on island of Phuket.
Questions arise as mega-rich from Russia and former Soviet republics descend on London.
Secretive trusts and companies born in British Virgin Islands have helped anonymous buyers snap up luxury properties in London and other UK locales.
Bankrupt Irish developer and the Ukraine’s richest man are among individuals linked to hyper-lux apartments for the super rich.
Joint probe by ICIJ, the BBC and the Guardian unmasks 28 "nominee directors" who pose as public faces for more than 21,500 companies.
UK’s crackdown on Channel island ‘Sark Lark’ simply scattered key players to other tax havens.
British woman living on goat-tramped Caribbean outcropping listed as director for more than 1,200 companies.
The Caribbean island chain is a favorite haven for attention-shy company owners.
Three pieces of paper allow companies' real owners to hide behind 'nominee' directors.
Arms deals between North Korea and Iran, money-laundering by Mexican drug lords, and Russia's largest tax fraud: the common element is a 68-year-old Queensland businessman, Geoffrey Taylor.